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Turning Sunlight Into Liquid Fuel

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For millions of years, green plants have employed photosynthesis to capture energy from sunlight and convert itinto electrochemical energy. A goal of scientists has been to develop an artificial version of photosynthesis that can be used to produce liquid fuels from carbon dioxide and water. … Continue reading

Gallery

Making synthetic fuel with solar panels

This gallery contains 2 photos.

Now a team of scientists working in Sandia National Laboratories is focusing on exploring basic steps to make synthetic liquid fuel with the help of solar panels. Some of the goals are: The team is using a cerium-oxide-based system to turn … Continue reading

New meeting in the California Hydrogen Business Council

California is where hydrogen gets down to business. And the California Hydrogen Business Council (CHBC) is the vital link between hydrogen-technology developers, businesses, energy leaders, government, and infrastructure providers. A non-profit organization, members share a common vision of clean energy and transportation fueled by hydrogen.

If you are interested about the hydrogen business technology, this is the place to be. Some of the goals of the council is promote the conduct and growth of hydrogen business, support access to hydrogen business information, identify opportunities for hydrogen technology and coordinate with and support the National Hydrogen Association.

The next month the council promote this meeting.

Hydrogen: The Next Step for Infrastructure and Fuels

when:Thursday, March 4, 2010

where: SCAQMD in Diamond Bar, California

Program:
Starts promptly at 9:00 A.M. and concludes at 4:30 P.M.

9:00 A.M. – 9:20 A.M.

Introductory Comments, Paul B. Scott, D.Sc, President, California Hydrogen Business Council
9:20 A.M. – 9:50 A.M.

South Coast Air Quality Management District Hydrogen Infrastructure Projects, Dipankar Sarkar, Technology Demonstration Manager, Technology Advancement Office, South Coast Air Quality Management District
9:50 A.M. – 10:20 A.M.

Progress and Next Steps for the CaFCP Action Plan, Bill Elrick, Technical Program Manager, California Fuel Cell Partnership
10:20 A.M. – 10:50 A.M.

Self-Introductions, Coffee and Conversation
10:50 A.M. – 11:20 A.M.

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Mobile Lighting: A Market Transformation Partnership, Lennie Klebanoff, Principal Member of the Technical Staff, Sandia National Laboratories
11:20 A.M. – 11:50 A.M.

Hydrogen Highway Review and Update, Gerhard H. Achtelik, Jr. , Manager, Zero Emission Vehicle Infrastructure, California Environmental Protection Agency Air Resource Board
11:50 A.M. – 12:20 P.M.

End-user Requirements for the Tri-generation Fuel Cell Power Model, Darlene Steward, Senior Analyst, Hydrogen Infrastructure Analysis Group, National Renewal Energy Laboratory
12:20 P.M. – 1:30 P.M.

Lunch (1 hr 10 min)


1:30 P.M. – 2:00 P.M.

The BNSF Hydrogen Fuel Cell Switch Locomotive, Mark Stehly, Assistant Vice-President, Environment and Research and Development, BNSF
2:00 P.M. – 2:30 P.M.

Bringing Hydrogen to the Fuel Retailer: Focus Group and Workshop Results, Chris White, Communications Director, California Fuel Cell Partnership
2:30 P.M. – 3:00 P.M.

Afternoon Break
3:00 P.M. – 3:30 P.M.

New Directions for the Clean Fuels Outlet Regulation, Leslie Goodbody, Air Pollution Specialist, Sustainable Transportation Technology Branch, California Air Resource Board
3:30 P.M. – 4:00 P.M.

Review of BC Transit and London Fuel Cell Bus Programs, Paul B. Scott, Sc.D, Chief Scientist, ISE Corp.
4:00 P.M. – 4:20 P.M.

Closing Remarksv

CHBC General Meeting Reservations and Info

What is the hydrogen fuel?

Ok maybe a lot of people don’t know about the big issue of hydrogen fuel,  well , we need learn about the basics.

What is the hydrogen?

Hydrogen is one of two natural elements that combine to make water. Hydrogen is not an energy source, but an energy carrier because it takes a great deal of energy to extract it from water. It is useful as a compact energy source in fuel cells and batteries. Many companies are working hard to develop technologies that can efficiently exploit the potential of hydrogen energy.

and what’s the hydrogen fuel?

In a flame of pure hydrogen gas, burning in air, the hydrogen (H) chemically combines with oxygen (O) to form water (H2O) plus a lot of heat is produced. It does not produce other chemical by-products. Hence a key feature of hydrogen as a fuel is that it is non-polluting (since water is not a pollutant). Pure hydrogen does not occur naturally; it takes energy to manufacture it. The energy is eventually delivered as heat when the hydrogen is burned. The heat in a hydrogen flame is a radiant emission from the newly formed water molecules. The water molecules are in an excited state on initial formation and then transition to a ground state, and the transition unleashes thermal radiation. This heat can provide motive power for cars, boats and airplanes. Smaller devices can also be powered by hydrogen through the use of hydrogen fuel cell batteries, which can power an electric motor.

At the gas pressure that hydrogen is typically stored at, hydrogen requires four times more storage volume than the volume of gasoline that produces the equivalent energy, but the weight of this hydrogen is nearly three times lighter than the gasoline.With regard to safety from unwanted explosions, hydrogen fuel in automotive vehicles is at least as safe as gasoline.The advantages and disadvantages of hydrogen fuel compared to its competitors are discussed at hydrogen economy.

Toyota Fuel Cell Vehicle Demonstration Program

Toyota Motor Sales announced today that more than 100 Toyota Fuel Cell Hybrid Vehicles will be placed in a nationwide demonstration program over the next three years in universities, private companies and government agencies in California and New York.

A little piece of history

In December 2002, Toyota began limited testing of fuel cell vehicles in the U.S. and Japan.  A total of 20 first generation fuel cell hybrid vehicles (FCHV) are in service in California with universities, corporations and government agencies.  Toyota enlisted the University of California, Irvine, University of California, Berkeley and the University of California, Davis to test different aspects of consumer acceptance and market dynamics of fuel cell vehicles.  FCHV also are placed with the California Fuel Cell Partnership, a public-private partnership organization to promote the adoption of hydrogen vehicles in California.
Toyota’s hydrogen fuel cell technology has advanced at an impressive pace since the FCHV introduction in 2002.  Toyota engineers have consistently improved vehicle range, durability and efficiency through improvements in the fuel cell stack and the high-pressure hydrogen storage system, while achieving significant cost reductions in materials and manufacturing.  When the FCHV-adv was introduced in 2008, it boasted an estimated range increase of more than 150% over the first generation FCHV.
In late 2008, the U.S. Department of Energy, Savannah River National Laboratory and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, approached Toyota to participate in a collaborative evaluation of the real-world driving range of the FCHV-adv.  When the range evaluation was completed in 2009, the FCHV-adv averaged the equivalent of 68 mpg and achieved an estimated range of 431 miles on a single fill of hydrogen compressed gas.  To compare, that’s more than double the range of the Highlander Hybrid with zero emissions.
In late 2007, the technology improvements implemented in the FCHV-adv were road tested in extreme conditions on a 2,300 mile trek from Fairbanks, Alaska to Vancouver, British Columbia along the Alaska-Canadian (ALCAN) highway.   The seven day trip confirmed substantial progress in reliability and durability, cold-weather operation and extended range capability of the hybrid fuel cell system.
I  think that we need  this kind of programs !!! They are so  necessary , is the next step to educate and prepare customers for the arrival of  sustainable mobility
Do you live in California or New York???
For additional information on Toyota’s fuel cell vehicle program, visit www.sustainablemobility.com

Suzuki To Launch E100 Cars In Brazil and US in 2010

The Nikkei reports that Suzuki Motor Corp. plans to develop flex-fuel cars that can run completely on 100% ethanol (E100) and launch them in South America and the US in around 2010.

As a first step, the company plans to begin selling in Brazil and elsewhere a passenger car fueled by a gasoline-bioethanol mixture that is 25% bioethanol by the end of March.

Suzuki has decided to accelerate development of ethanol cars because demand for them is expected to grow worldwide, with various efforts underway to develop technologies for producing bioethanol from non-food crops, such as rice straw.

Suzuki is also reportedly considering a hybrid option for a 3-liter mid-size car by leveraging its joint development efforts with GM, as well as launching its diesels, which it sells in India and Europe, in Japan.

source: greencarcongress